During the Ottoman Empire, an essential goal of education was to raise 'good Muslims'. Thus there was a need for Islamic scholars, which was sustained through Islamic Faith Schools, called Madrasa.In 1913, the Medresetü-l Eimmeti vel Hutaba (School of ministers and preachers Medresetü-l Vaazin were integrated to form the concrete origins of today's Imam Hatip high schools
In 1924, the Tevhid-i Tedrisat (Law of Unification of Educational Guideline was passed, changing the existing, primarily sectarian educational system with a nonreligious, centralist and nationalist education one. The new law brought all universities under the control of the Ministry of National Education. A Faculty of Faith at the Darülfünun (Istanbul University), special schools for training imams and hatips (ministers and preachers) were opened by the new Ministry of National Education. However, in 1930 İmam Hatip schools were closed and 1933 the Faculty of Divinity was abolished.
In contrast to the exclusively secularist nature of the education policy of the Republican People's Party (CHP) religious education was reinstated in 1948. This included the establishment of a Professors of Theology at the University of Ankara in 1949. Initial steps for the establishment of Imam Hatip schools began in 1951 under the Democrat Party government, which established seven special secondary schools (Imam Hatip Okulları). In addition, in 1959 Islamic Institutes were opened for graduates of Imam Hatip schools.
Following the coup d'etat in 1960, Imam Hatip schools experienced the danger of closure. Following the return to civilian politics and the introduction of the new constitution in 1961, graduates of Imam Hatip schools might just enrol in university programmes if they had passed courses used at nonreligious schools. During the premiership of Süleyman Demirel however, graduates of Imam Hatip schools were admitted to university without such requirements. The 1971 Turkish coup d'état presented two key reforms: firstly junior high Imam Hatip schools were eliminated, and in 1973 Imam Hatip schools were renamed as Imam Hatip high schools. Under the subsequent National Education Basic Law, Imam Hatip schools were defined as trade schools, where trainees were to be trained as preachers and ministers or gotten ready for college.
Imam Hatip schools grew gradually at initially, but their numbers broadened quickly to 334 during the 1970s. The union government of 1974, established by the CHP and the MSP (National Redemption Party), devoted to reopen junior highs and providing the right of entry to university through examination. 230 brand-new Imam Hatip high schools were opened in a period of almost four years. During the 1974-75 school year the number of trainees taking care of the Imam Hatip high schools grew to 48,895. This number subsequently grew to 200,300 by 1980-81. In addition, women gained the right of entry to Imam Hatip high schools in 1976. The proliferation of Imam Hatip high schools is frequently pointed out as the result of the National Salvation Celebration's membership of a variety of unions with Nationalist Front governments.
Scenario because 1980
The coup d'etat of September 12, 1980 is an important turning point in the history of Turkey and also for the history of İmam-Hatip high schools. Under military governance, graduates of Imam Hatip high schools got the right of entry to all university departments. In 1985, 2 brand-new Imam Hatip high schools opened, one in Tunceli, despite of the so-called ethnic structure of the region, and the other in Beykoz as an Anatolian Imam Hatip High School, with the goal of contributing to the education of children of households who work abroad. Although the number of Imam Hatip high schools had not increased given that, the number of students going to Imam Hatip high schools has actually increased by 45%. This is partly due to the improvement in the quality of Imam Hatip high schools and the education used at such schools.
Throughout the education year of 1973-74, the total number of Imam Hatip trainees was 34,570; in 1997 this number had actually dramatically increased to reach 511,502. Together with this huge increase in appeal, the number of schools also increased. The number of Imam Hatip junior high reached 601 and secondary schools 402. The boost in both student and school numbers can be attributed to elements including the commitment of people to religion, dormitory facilities, scholarships, the admittance of women and a boost in need for spiritual education.
Research study recommends that between the years of 1993 and 2000, prospective trainees registered at Imam Hatip high schools mainly to receive religious tutoring together with a more basic education.In addition, research study reveals enrolment at Imam Hatip high schools was based entirely on the student's choice. The third suggested element in the increase in popularity of Imam Hatip schools is the admission of female trainees in 1976. By 1998, practically 100,000 females went to Imam Hatip high schools, comprising nearly half of all trainees. This fact is particularly revealing because women are not qualified to end up being either priests or ministers.
However, the intro of 8 years of compulsory education in 1997 has actually seen an abrupt decrease in the popularity of Imam Hatip schools. In 1999, the reclassification of Imam Hatip schools as "employment schools" implied that, although more options had actually been provided to graduates, achieving places at prestigious university courses ended up being more difficult.By needing that all eight compulsory years of education be spent website under the same primary-school roofing, intermediate schools were abolished. Kids might not enter vocational schools (among them the Imam Hatip school) up until the ninth grade (rather than the 6th, as before).